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Armando Chaguaceda: At 33, I feel sometimes old and tired; other days I wake up with the desire to strive, to be surprised and to persevere—with decency, affection, ideas and values. I was born in the town of Regla, with its provincial charm and custom of ignoring the sidewalks. I grew up atheist, surrounded by believing friends, in a family of Martí followers and enemies of dogma. I have assimilated my growing marginality, in relation to so many friends who have emigrated, fellow “fighters” of daily Havana life who, regrettably, have been added to the growing bandwagon of the “apolitical.” For 12 years I have combined my dying passion for politics and social sciences with teaching. I’m currently in Xalapa, Mexico, but I feel within me the imperative to return and do something in a Cuba too present, too uncertain, too beautiful, frank, harrowing and different. I hope I will.

Cuba’s New Labor Code: The Laments and the Feast

June 25, 2014 | Print Print |

Armando Chaguaceda

Silvio Rodriguez. Foto: cubadebate.cu

HAVANA TIMES — Last week, three declarations in Cuba made news almost simultaneously: the statements by singer-songwriter Silvio Rodriguez, Cuban Vice-President Diaz Canel and the mastermind behind the country’s economic reforms, Marino Murillo. The three made mention of the conditions that the majority of Cubans live and work under. Their words have sparked off a storm of opinions in Cuba’s precarious and transnational public sphere.

The folk musician shared his impressions about how impoverished a good part of Cuba’s population has become, mentioning he now realizes that people are “screwed, very screwed” following a concert. Lyrically, the Cuban vice-president called on people to overcome their poverty with virtue. And the reforms tsar reproached the island’s farmers for their low productivity. These remarks would be mere additions to the long sequence of compassionate or reproachful stigmas stamped on humble mortals from the heights of Olympus, were it not for two issues that give the matter at stake particular significance: that of the rights of the population.

The first piece of news in this connection is the publication of the New Labor Code by Cuba’s Official Gazette. This legislation, modifying the rights of workers substantially, obviates the need for progressive changes in the forms in which labor is organized, guarantees for social rights and respect towards the poorest working class sectors, at a time in which the social protection hitherto guaranteed by the State is being dismantled and new commercial regulations and actors are emerging.

The second piece of “breaking news” is that the Brazilian company Odebrecht, responsible for the construction of the infrastructure to be used at the Mariel Special Development Zone and other places around Cuba (under agreements signed by Havana and Brasilia) is currently facing proceedings back home for a series of accusations, including, among others, the use of slave labor and poor working conditions at its construction sites. One cannot help but wonder what will become of Cuban workers hired by such predators, in a country where individual rights are merely an issue for coffee-shop debates and a topic addressed by a handful of dissident blogs and elite publications.

Marino Murillo

The two pieces of news – and Olympic laments surrounding them – swirl uncomfortably inside my head, like signs in these times of primitive accumulation by the nascent authoritarian capitalism of the Cuban State, times in which those who rule and enjoy the benefits of the status quo seem to conveniently forget those promises made to the people and the sacrifices the latter has made, always in the name of its future happiness. Today, they would attempt to convince these people, again, that they must endure, shut up and trust their leaders…a while longer – a people who has been screwed over, who owe their successes to their leaders and shoulder the full burden of their failures.

Faced with so much cynicism, one brings to mind those songs by a certain band in Havana, a band that, some years ago, made its debut with pieces that called for lucid reflection on the world that surrounds us. With Como un espejismo (“Like a Mirage”) – “there’s so much pettiness in a slice of bread, there are people mired in waiting. People give alms and drive off in a Mercedes Benz (…)” – and Psicologia al Dia (“Modern Psychology”) – “I will hold you by the neck and squeeze, and tell you with firmness you cannot complain, it gives me a headache, it puts me in a bad mood, being choked isn’t such a bad thing. Let’s look at the bright side, let us be humanistic” – the Cuban duo Buena Fe, perhaps unwittingly, traced the outlines of the present. It is a present where our fathers and grandfathers will be mere, sad spectators of the feast, while noblemen and minstrels sing praises and utter reproaches and laments, trampling on memory and decency.


What's your opinion?

  • John Goodrich

    Why do I find it so often necessary to remind people that Cuba has been under attack by the most powerful and most imperial of countries to ever have exist and that it is that direct threat to any chance Cuba may have to evolve to a democratic society which is creating the majority of present-day bad conditions in Cuba ?
    No , they are not landing at Playa Giron but if they were, this blah blah blah would quickly disappear because of that immediate threat.
    Yes , you should complain about the lack of democratic forms but to not include an explanation of the reasons for the hard conditions in Cuba which must include the U.S. intentions in Cuba and the world , is to present, if not a lie of omission, then certainly a serious leaning towards ignoring historical U.S. strategies at play vis a vis Cuba. .

  • Carlyle MacDuff

    IF (!) Diaz-Canel actually said that Cubans should overcome their poverty with virtue, it represents a staggering recognition that following fifty five years of Socialismo initially under Fidel Castro Ruz, followed by Raul Castro Ruz that the people of Cuba live in poverty. If honest and concerned about such poverty, Diaz-Canel should call upon his own administration to undertake the necessary changes to improve the sad inheritance which Raul Castro Ruz has said will be bestowed upon him. Calling upon the virtue of Cubans to overcome such poverty is hypocritical and sickening. Diaz-Canel should be ashamed to admit that he is part of such an incompetent regime. To adapt the words of the song: “Don’t cry for me Argentina”
    CRY FOR CUBA and its PEOPLE
    As for Marino Murillo the professional economist, he should know that verbally chastising the very small (3-4 acres) farmers of Cuba will not provide an answer of how to farm the hundreds of thousands of acres of good land lying fallow and reverting to bush. It will take large agricultural businesses under experienced capable management and the administration is opposed to such forms of business. I have little doubt that qualified economist with knowledge of agriculture – which I assume lies within Marino Murillo, recognises the need for competent experienced management but has developed wilful blindness in pursuit of his own ambitions.
    SHAME upon both he and Diaz-Canel for placing their own interests before those of the poor Cubans!